Sunday, May 2, 2021

Why I Refuse the Pocket Phone

There are many reasons, a few of them very grave but most of them trivial, that I willingly and gladly do not have the ubiquitous pocket-phone.

The most serious reason I, a parish priest, refuse to have the pocket-phone is to openly protest the manifest grave damage to myriads of individuals of all ages (especially women and children) due to an inordinate attachment to social media, the worst of all being self-murder, but also the destruction of countless marriages and families.

The logical consequence to the total selfishness promoted and glamorized by much of social media is Hell, total self destruction, suicide. But I prefer the more explicit term "self-murder" to the word "suicide" because the latter word has become a scandal by making that type of murder seem benign and acceptable, which it is not.

Homocide, to murder another, is far better than suicide, to murder oneself.

Suicide is by far the worst sin.

The greatest punishment in Hell is reserved for those who are guilty of self-murder. Social media is causing many thousands of self-murders. It is a terrible scandal, causing many people to commit this gravest of sins and make themselves go to Hell. Horror! And, make no mistake, lust, in all its forms, is also a large element in this culture of despair and self-destruction, also causing the ruin of holy marriage and the family.

Lord, mercy!

Tuesday, April 20, 2021

Father Rejects Marxist Ideology in N.Y. School

Brearley is a private all-girls school on the Upper East Side of Manhattan. It costs $54,000 a year and prospective families apparently have to take an “anti-racism pledge” to be considered for admission. Andrew Gutmann chose to withdraw his daughter, who has been in the school since kindergarten, and sent this letter to all of the some 600 of the school's families explaining why.

April 13, 2021

Dear Fellow Brearley Parents,

Our family recently made the decision not to reenroll our daughter at Brearley for the 2021-22 school year. She has been at Brearley for seven years, beginning in kindergarten. In short, we no longer believe that Brearley’s administration and Board of Trustees have any of our children’s best interests at heart. Moreover, we no longer have confidence that our daughter will receive the quality of education necessary to further her development into a critically thinking, responsible, enlightened, and civic minded adult. I write to you, as a fellow parent, to share our reasons for leaving the Brearley community but also to urge you to act before the damage to the school, to its community, and to your own child's education is irreparable.

It cannot be stated strongly enough that Brearley’s obsession with race must stop. It should be abundantly clear to any thinking parent that Brearley has completely lost its way. The administration and the Board of Trustees have displayed a cowardly and appalling lack of leadership by appeasing an anti-intellectual, illiberal mob, and then allowing the school to be captured by that same mob. What follows are my own personal views on Brearley's antiracism initiatives, but these are just a handful of the criticisms that I know other parents have expressed.

I object to the view that I should be judged by the color of my skin. I cannot tolerate a school that not only judges my daughter by the color of her skin, but encourages and instructs her to prejudge others by theirs. By viewing every element of education, every aspect of history, and every facet of society through the lens of skin color and race, we are desecrating the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and utterly violating the movement for which such civil rights leaders believed, fought, and died.

I object to the charge of systemic racism in this country, and at our school. Systemic racism, properly understood, is segregated schools and separate lunch counters. It is the interning of Japanese and the exterminating of Jews. Systemic racism is unequivocally not a small number of isolated incidences over a period of decades. Ask any girl, of any race, if they have ever experienced insults from friends, have ever felt slighted by teachers or have ever suffered the occasional injustice from a school at which they have spent up to 13 years of their life, and you are bound to hear grievances, some petty, some not. We have not had systemic racism against Blacks in this country since the civil rights reforms of the 1960s, a period of more than 50 years. To state otherwise is a flat-out misrepresentation of our country's history and adds no understanding to any of today's societal issues. If anything, longstanding and widespread policies such as affirmative action, point in precisely the opposite direction.

I object to a definition of systemic racism, apparently supported by Brearley, that any educational, professional, or societal outcome where Blacks are underrepresented is prima facie evidence of the aforementioned systemic racism, or of white supremacy and oppression. Facile and unsupported beliefs such as these are the polar opposite to the intellectual and scientific truth for which Brearley claims to stand. Furthermore, I call bullshit on Brearley's oft-stated assertion that the school welcomes and encourages the truly difficult and uncomfortable conversations regarding race and the roots of racial discrepancies.

I object to the idea that Blacks are unable to succeed in this country without aid from government or from whites. Brearley, by adopting critical race theory, is advocating the abhorrent viewpoint that Blacks should forever be regarded as helpless victims, and are incapable of success regardless of their skills, talents, or hard work. What Brearley is teaching our children is precisely the true and correct definition of racism.

I object to mandatory anti-racism training for parents, especially when presented by the rent-seeking charlatans of Pollyanna. These sessions, in both their content and delivery, are so sophomoric and simplistic, so unsophisticated and inane, that I would be embarrassed if they were taught to Brearley kindergarteners. They are an insult to parents and unbecoming of any educational institution, let alone one of Brearley's caliber.

I object to Brearley’s vacuous, inappropriate, and fanatical use of words such as “equity,” “diversity” and “inclusiveness.” If Brearley’s administration was truly concerned about so-called “equity,” it would be discussing the cessation of admissions preferences for legacies, siblings, and those families with especially deep pockets. If the administration was genuinely serious about “diversity,” it would not insist on the indoctrination of its students, and their families, to a single mindset, most reminiscent of the Chinese Cultural Revolution. Instead, the school would foster an environment of intellectual openness and freedom of thought. And if Brearley really cared about “inclusiveness,” the school would return to the concepts encapsulated in the motto “One Brearley,” instead of teaching the extraordinarily divisive idea that there are only, and always, two groups in this country: victims and oppressors.

l object to Brearley’s advocacy for groups and movements such as Black Lives Matter, a Marxist, anti family, heterophobic, anti-Asian and anti-Semitic organization that neither speaks for the majority of the Black community in this country, nor in any way, shape or form, represents their best interests.

I object to, as we have been told time and time again over the past year, that the school’s first priority is the safety of our children. For goodness sake, Brearley is a school, not a hospital! The number one priority of a school has always been, and always will be, education. Brearley’s misguided priorities exemplify both the safety culture and “cover-your-ass” culture that together have proved so toxic to our society and have so damaged the mental health and resiliency of two generations of children, and counting.

I object to the gutting of the history, civics, and classical literature curriculums. I object to the censorship of books that have been taught for generations because they contain dated language potentially offensive to the thin-skinned and hypersensitive (something that has already happened in my daughter's 4th grade class). I object to the lowering of standards for the admission of students and for the hiring of teachers. I object to the erosion of rigor in classwork and the escalation of grade inflation. Any parent with eyes open can foresee these inevitabilities should antiracism initiatives be allowed to persist.

We have today in our country, from both political parties, and at all levels of government, the most unwise and unvirtuous leaders in our nation’s history. Schools like Brearley are supposed to be the training grounds for those leaders. Our nation will not survive a generation of leadership even more poorly educated than we have now, nor will we survive a generation of students taught to hate its own country and despise its history.

Lastly, I object, with as strong a sentiment as possible, that Brearley has begun to teach what to think, instead of how to think. I object that the school is now fostering an environment where our daughters, and our daughters’ teachers, are afraid to speak their minds in class for fear of “consequences.” I object that Brearley is trying to usurp the role of parents in teaching morality, and bullying parents to adopt that false morality at home. I object that Brearley is fostering a divisive community where families of different races, which until recently were part of the same community, are now segregated into two. These are the reasons why we can no longer send our daughter to Brearley.

Over the past several months, I have personally spoken to many Brearley parents as well as parents of children at peer institutions. It is abundantly clear that the majority of parents believe that Brearley’s antiracism policies are misguided, divisive, counterproductive and cancerous. Many believe, as I do, that these policies will ultimately destroy what was until recently, a wonderful educational institution. But as I am sure will come as no surprise to you, given the insidious cancel culture that has of late permeated our society, most parents are too fearful to speak up.

But speak up you must. There is strength in numbers and I assure you, the numbers are there. Contact the administration and the Board of Trustees and demand an end to the destructive and anti-intellectual claptrap known as antiracism. And if changes are not forthcoming then demand new leadership. For the sake of our community, our city, our country and most of all, our children, silence is no longer an option.


Andrew Gutmann


Tuesday, April 13, 2021

Theodor Steinbüchel on Pascal

"Given its exclusive character of 'natural religion,' which does not know another God than that of the philosophers, deism could not imagine the mysteries...of God, by his own decision, from beyond the bounds of creation, calling man;...of an 'instant,' which is not deducible from history, in which God, in his extra-worldly being, unknowable from creation and from our created knowledge, reveals Himself to man;...of God who is separate from nature and history and binds himself, nonetheless, to them, to inform man of his gracious will of salvation, a special will committed to man but which is also the way to communion beyond all natural limits with the God of this revelation... In the era of mathematical rationalism, no one has grasped more profoundly the difference which opens between the deist God 'of the philosophers and of the wise' and the God of the Bible, than the mathematical genius Blaise Pascal, entirely worthy of the title given him by Nietzsche as 'the first Christian,' at least in the sense of being a faith which is authentic, personal and inflamed by revelation. Pascal's Memorial, written in 1654, that is, four years after the death of Descartes, by a thinker of a similar and congenial mind, shows the total opposition between the God Who is thought (gedachtem Gott) and the real God manifested to man with 'certainty, joy, peace.' Making itself absolute, deist rational knowledge leaves no room for God beyond practical reason. The ethos which emanates from supernatural revelation is eliminated in favor of a morality of reason known and pursued by man. The deist idea of transcendence is no longer that of revelation. With revelation, God is above the cosmos and is also the One Who inclines towards his world to draw it near to Him, while man, not remaining a prisoner of the loneliness of his autonomy, presents himself as a creature who realizes in the law of his essence the idea and the norm of his Creator and exercises an obedience to the law of revelation which purifies his humanitas and elevates it to God."

Theodor Steinbüchel, Die Philosophische Grundlegung der Katholischen Sittenlehre I, Düsseldorf: Schwann, 1951, 31.

Friday, April 2, 2021

Titles of the Pope

Most Holy Bishop of the Catholic Church --Council of Soissions, of 300 Bishops.

Most Holy and Blessed Patriarch --Ibid., t. vii,. Council.

Most Blessed Lord --St. Augustine, Ep. 95.

Universal Patriarch --St. Leo, P., Ep. 62.

Chief of the Church in the World --Innoc. ad P. P. Concil. Milevit.

The Bishop elevated to the Apostolic eminence --St. Cyprian, Ep. 3, 12.

Father of Fathers --Council of Chalcedon, Sess. iii.

Sovereign Pontiff of Bishops --Id., in fraef.

Sovereign Priest --Council of Chalcedon, Sess. xvi.

Prince of Priests --Stephen, Bishop of Carthage.

Prefect of the House of God and Guardian of the Lord's Vineyard --Council of Carthage, Ep. to Damasus.

Vicar of Jesus Christ, Confirmer of the Faith of Christians --St. Jerome, Praef. in Evang. ad Damasum.

High-Priest --Valentinian, and all antiquity with him.

The Sovereign Pontiff --Council of Chalcedon, in Epist. ad Theodos. Imper.

The Prince of Bishops --Ibid.

The Heir of the Apostles --St. Bern., lib. de Consid.

Abraham by the Patriarchate --St. Ambrose, in 1 Tim. iii.

Mechisedech by ordination --Council of Chalcedon, Epist. ad Leonem.

Moses by authority --St. Bernard, Epist. 190.

Samuel by jurisdiction --Id. lib., et in lib. de Consider.

Peter by power --Ibid.

Christ by unction --Ibid.

The Shepherd of the Fold of Jesus Christ --Id. lib. ii. de Consid.

Key-Bearer of the House of God --Id. ibid. c. viii.

The Shepherd of all Shepherds --Ibid.

The Pontiff called to the plentitude of all power --Ibid.

St. Peter was the Mouth of Jesus Christ --St. Chrysost. Hom. ii., in Div. Serm.

The Mouth and Head of the Apostleship --Orig., Hom. lv. in Matth.

The Cathedra and Principal Church --St. Cypr., Ep. lv. ad Cornel.

The Source of Sacerdotal Unity --Id., Epist. iii. 2.

The Bond of Unity --Id. ibid. iv. 2.

The Church where resides the chief power (potentior principalitas) --Id. ibid. iii. 8.

The Church the Root and Mother of all the others --St. Anaclet. Papa, Epist. ad omnes Episc. et Fideles.

The See on which our Lord has built the Universal Church --St. Damasus, Epist. ad Univ. Episcop.

The Cardinal Point and Head of all the Churches --St. Marcellinus, R. Epist. ad Episc. Anthioch.

The Refuge of Bishops --Con. Alex., Epist. ad Felic. P.

The Supreme Apostolic See --St. Athanasius.

The Presiding Church --Emperor Justin., in lib. viii., Cod. de Sum. Trinit.

The Supreme See which cannot be judged by any other --St. Leo, in Nat. SS. Apost.

The Church set over and preferred to all the others --Vicot d'Utiq., in lib. de Perfect.

The first of all the Sees --St. Prosper, in lib. de INgrat.

The Apostolic Fountain --St. Ignatius, Epist. ad Rom, in Subscript.

The most secure Citadel of all Catholic Communion --Council of Rome under St. Gelasius.

The sweet Christ on earth. --Saint Catherine of Siena.

The servant of the servants of Christ. --Pope Saint Gregory the Great.

This list is of St. Francis de Sales in Rev. J. Balmes, Protestantism and Catholicity: Compared in their Effects on the Civilization of Europe, Baltimore: Murphy and Co., 1850, 423.

Saturday, March 27, 2021

Saint Teresa of Jesus was Jewish

Tomorrow is the birthday of Saint Teresa of Jesus (28 March 1515 – 4 or 15 October 1582).

Saint Teresa died the day the Roman Pontiff, Pope Gregory XIII, instituted the present Gregorian Calendar, skipping from the 4th to the 15th of October.

Another very interesting trivia is that her father, Alonso Sánchez de Cepeda, a holy man, was the son of a Converso who was Judaizing, was penalized by the Inquisition, did his penance and embraced his Catholic faith with most of the family, including his son Alonso.

"[Teresa's] father, Don Alonso Sánchez de Cepeda, known as "the Toledano," was the son of the converso, Don Juan Sánchez de Toledo, a dynamic merchant of Toledo with great fortune, born in 1440, with domicile in the Santa Leocadia neighborhood, and married to Doña Inés de Cepeda, of an old Catholic family of Tordesillas. He had many children by her, of which we know the names of seven sons (Hernando, Alonso, Pedro, Ruy, Alvaro, Lorenzo and Francisco) and of one daughter, Doña Elvira de Cepeda. Don Juan, who had judaized, was "penitenciado" by the Inquisition of Toledo for the 22 of June of 1485 for "heresy and apostasy against our holy catholic faith" and had to go with the reconciled in procession through the churches of Toledo for seven Fridays marked with "a sanbenitillo and its crosses." Reconciled together with him were his children, except the oldest, Hernando, who was not reconciled. Don Alonso was five at the time. His father then decided to move his cloth business to Avila where he again prospered, raising his children in a very Christian way and marrying all of them with very noble families. Don Alonso married Doña Catalina del Peso in 1505..."

Santa Teresa de Jesús, Obras Completas, Editors Efren de la Madre de Dios and Otger Steggink, Madrid: BAC, 1986, p.1.

Tuesday, March 23, 2021

Protestantism and the Mind

 "If you deprive the human mind of the support of authority of some kind or other, on what can it depend? Abandoned to its own delirious dreams, it is forced again into the gloomy paths which led the philosophers of the ancient schools to chaos. Reason and experience are here agreed. If you substitute the private judgment of Protestants for the authority of the Church, all the great questions respecting God and man remain without solution. All the difficulties are left; the mind is in darkness, and seeks in vain for a light to guide it in safety: stunned by the voices of a hundred schools, who dispute without being able to throw any light on the subject, it relapses into that state of discouragement and protestation in which Christianity found it, and from which, with so much exertion, she had withdrawn it. Doubt, pyrrhonism, and indifference become the lot of the greatest minds; vain theories, hypothetical systems, and dreams take possession of men of more moderate abilities; the ignorant are reduced to superstitions and absurdities." 43-44

"Men of the greatest talent never found themselves at ease in Protestantism. They always felt that there was an immense void in it; this is the reason why they have constantly inclined either towards irreligion or towards Catholic unity... [T]he feeble light which struggles with darkness after the sun has sunk below the horizon, cannot be compared to that of day: darkness advances and spreads; it extinguishes the expiring reflection, and night comes on. Such is the doctrine of Christianity among Protestants." 43

European Civilization: Protestantism and Catholicity: Compared in Their Effects on the Civilization of Europe, Rev. J. Balmes, Baltimore: Murphy & Co., 1850.

Friday, February 26, 2021

Secure Web Browsers

In 2017 Plinthos posted on the benefits of using search engines other than Google.

Here is an article on alternative web browsers. Tor looks great.

Top 8 Most Secure Web Browsers in 2021

Jan Youngren
Jan Youngren | Security researcher
Last updated: February 22, 2021
Most Secure Browsers

Disclaimer: Affiliate links help us produce good content. Learn more.

Which one is the most secure web browser in 2021? The quick answer is: “None of the ones most of us use.” And yet, during these trying times, when working from home has become a norm, and companies have difficulties maintaining the pre-pandemic security level, we all need to stay safe online more than ever.

To find the most trustworthy browser, we evaluated a bunch of them based on the following criteria:

  • Security features – are you protected from hackers and vulnerabilities?
  • Privacy options – how much of your data is collected? Are there any tools to protect your privacy?
  • Number of available secure extensions and add-ons
  • Multi-platform support

Neither of the safe web browsers is without its cons. Some offer great security and privacy but support few extensions. In the meantime, others check all the boxes but work on desktop only. Therefore, we encourage you to check out the full list and see which secure browser is the best fit for you.

But first, let’s see how the best private browsers rank from the #1 most secure to the one you shouldn’t touch with a ten-foot pole.

Safest web browsers

BrowserSecurity & Privacy
1. Tor browser🥇⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
2. Mozilla Firefox🥈⭐⭐⭐⭐
3. Brave🥉⭐⭐⭐⭐
4. Ungoogled Chromium⭐⭐⭐⭐
5. Apple Safari⭐⭐⭐
6. Google Chrome⭐⭐
7. Opera⭐⭐
8. Microsoft Edge

Most secure private and mainstream web browsers in 2021

Below is the combined list of the most secure mainstream and private browsers in 2021. Naturally, we find only the private ones at the top of our list, but that doesn’t mean that a mainstream browser cannot provide you with decent security and privacy.

Securing your browsing is not enough
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1. Tor Browser – the king of private browsers

Tor Browser logo

+ Pros:

  • Excellent security and privacy
  • Access to the Deep Web
  • Preconfigured with security extensions

– Cons:

  • Slow
  • Your ISP sees if you’re using Tor
  • Blocks JavaScript

Often hailed as the undisputed king of private browsers, Tor is an open-source Firefox-based web browser that comes with a plethora of security features that protect against browser fingerprinting. As the name implies, it runs on the Tor network. On top of that, it’s regularly updated to deal with all of the new security issues.

  • Security rating: very high. By default, Tor blocks all scripts and runs in the private browsing mode. When you close your browser window, nothing is saved. This includes cookies, history, and passwords. Thus, Tor provides a less streamlined but more secure browsing experience. Flash and Quicktime are also blocked by default to prevent anyone from hacking into your device using their security vulnerabilities.
  • Privacy rating: very high. Tor is built with privacy protection at its very core. By using a vast network of “relays” to bounce traffic around the world, Tor makes it virtually impossible to track and identify what you’re doing online. And the HTTPS Everywhere integration ensures that your data is encrypted whenever you connect to a website. These features and more make Tor the absolute champion of secure browsers in terms of out-of-box privacy.
  • No of secure extensions: average
  • Supported platforms: Windows, macOS, Linux, Android

On the negative side, the Tor browser blocks scripts that may result in websites loading erratically. What’s more, Tor significantly slows down your connection because of the multiple layers it uses to hide your traffic. We also don’t recommend it for novice users as tweaking the Tor browser’s settings can easily leave you vulnerable.

Tor is so secure and privacy-friendly, leading many to believe it’s all you need for protection. This may be true in many cases, but you should consider supplementing Tor with a secure VPN service for maximum security.

2. Mozilla Firefox – the safest mainstream web browser

Mozilla Firefox Browser logo

+ Pros:

  • Very high security and privacy
  • Plenty of browser extensions
  • User-friendly

– Cons:

  • Update cycle could be shorter
  • Requires customization
  • Dependable on third-party extensions

Although Tor may be the most battle-ready private browser out of the box, Firefox has such massive plugin support that you can configure it to compete for the top spot. Like Tor, Firefox is also open-source. Unlike Tor, it’s been fully audited and doesn’t suffer from speed losses.

  • Security rating: high. If you download a few privacy plugins, Mozilla Firefox can be your answer to online dangers. The main reason why Firefox is a great alternative to Tor is that you can use it for secure browsing and easily switch to full-featured browsing. Besides, there’s a privacy-oriented Firefox Focus browser for Android and iOS.
  • Privacy rating: high. Like Tor and unlike Google’s Chrome browser, Firefox doesn’t track your browser history. It’s also updated regularly to deal with new security threats. Unless you’re looking for hardcore security, Mozilla Firefox is your best choice.
  • No of secure extensions: high
  • Supported platforms: Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, iOS

Mozilla Firefox is mostly based on customization and is perfect for those who want a completely personalized browsing experience. Remember that it can take a fair bit of time to find all of the right plugins that you require, so make sure you’re willing to invest the time needed to make Firefox the perfect browser.

You can learn more about its security and privacy features by reading our full Mozilla Firefox review.

3. Brave – lightweight and secure browser

Brave browser logo

+ Pros:

  • Fast
  • Very high security and privacy
  • Great for novice users

– Cons:

  • Shows ads
  • Few secure extensions
  • Tor mode is a lackluster

While Brave is a relatively new Chromium-based private browser, it already supports all major platforms – something that Tor and Ungoogled Chromium are yet to achieve. Mainly developed by Brandon Eich, a former Mozilla contributor and JavaScript creator, Brave is lightweight, secure, and made specifically with privacy in mind.

  • Security rating: high. Out of the box, Brave blocks browser fingerprinting, scripts, and cookies by default. It also has a solid ad-blocker and provides the HTTPS Everywhere integration, as well as relatively frequent security updates.
  • Privacy rating: high. With a completely de-Googled codebase and customizable private windows, Brave further boosts its credentials with its complete lack of privacy scandals and/or concerns. That said, it’s still a work-in-progress. Until Brave adds more entries to its collection of secure add-ons, it’s difficult to recommend it as the most secure browser available.
  • No of secure extensions: low
  • Supported platforms: Windows, Linux, macOS, Android, iOS

Overall, Brave is an excellent choice for those who don’t mind using an experimental piece of software and don’t struggle with minimalist functionality. Its only downside is its comparatively low number of supported browser extensions. Some users may also not like the introduction of ads as a means to support the initiative.

4. Ungoogled Chromium – no Google privacy concerns

Ungoogled Chromium browser logo

+ Pros:

  • Very high security and privacy
  • Plenty of extensions
  • Frequent updates

– Cons:

  • No mobile version
  • Requires customization
  • Manual updates

Google Chrome is an open-source project, and Chromium is its less intrusive version that still offers most of Google’s products. But there’s also an ungoogled version that removes all links to the company and sits high on our secure browsers list while still allowing to install Chrome Store extensions. It also benefits from the regular Chromium security updates and has a nice feature of forcing all pop-ups into new tabs.

  • Security rating: high. While Chromium already scores high in the security department, the ungoogled version takes an extra step, removing background requests to all web services. It also removes pre-made binaries from the source code. Ungoogled Chromium uses HTTPS when possible, disables automatic URL formatting in Omnibox, and disallows pinging an IPv6 address.
  • Privacy rating: high. To keep your privacy protected, ungoogled Chromium cuts all ties to Google and its products by removing all code specific to Google web services. This means you can say goodbye to Google Host Detector, Google URL Tracker, Google Cloud Messaging, and so on. Finally, it disables WebRTC, which was impossible in Chromium without a third-party add-on or VPN.
  • No of secure extensions: high
  • Supported platforms: Windows, macOS, Linux

Users should be aware that most settings require manual activation, making it not that friendly to those less familiar with cybersecurity. Being portable and requiring no installation, Ungoogled Chromium only partly solves your secure browser’s mobility problem as there’s still no support for mobile devices.

5. Apple Safari – the most secure default browser

Apple Safari browser logo

+ Pros:

  • Very high security
  • Intelligent Tracking Prevention (ITP)
  • Runs separate sandboxes

– Cons:

  • Supports Apple products only
  • Few extensions
  • Privacy concerns

Since Google’s Chrome exploded onto the web back in 2008, pretty much every default browser has suffered in its wake. Safari is no exception – its Windows version has been discontinued since 2012, making it available only to Apple users. That said, we still consider it a fairly secure browser in general and probably the most secure default browser despite its sluggish update delivery.

  • Security rating: high. Safari runs websites in a sandbox, preventing unauthorized data access and malicious code from one of your tabs from taking over your entire browser. This is done by separately quarantining each open tab. Other cool features include a built-in password manager, protection from phishing and fake websites, as well as a private browsing mode.
  • Privacy rating: medium. Although Apple is known to have been accused of data collection in the past, the company’s decision to have users opt into data gathering techniques has made Apple’s products a lot more attractive from a privacy standpoint. Still, its creators are part of the NSA’s PRISM program, were hoarding Safari browsing history, and even collected it when users were in private mode.
  • No of secure extensions: low
  • Supported platforms: macOS, iOS

To learn more,  check out our in-depth Apple Safari review.

6. Google Chrome – secure but short on privacy

Google Chrome browser logo

+ Pros:

  • Very high security
  • Fast update cycle
  • Plenty of extensions

– Cons:

  • Hardware-hungry
  • Hard to customize
  • Privacy issues

Over a decade since its introduction, Google Chrome is now the most popular web browser on the planet. While it scores exceptionally high in terms of security because of frequent updates and an abundance of useful features, many (including us) would hesitate to call Google Chrome a “secure browser.” Here’s why.

  • Security rating: high. With features like automatic download scanning, automatic updates, automatic phishing and malware website warnings, Incognito mode, and sandbox tabs, Chrome is certainly no slouch when it comes to security. Not to mention the fact that Chrome has been the back-to-back winner of two Pwn2Own hacking events. Despite trying their hardest to find vulnerabilities within the browser, hackers just couldn’t crack its defenses.
  • Privacy rating: low. All the privacy options in the world couldn’t make us recommend Chrome as a privacy-friendly browser. The primary reasons for that are Chrome’s interaction with your Google account and the Sync feature, which automatically collects your data and sends it back to Google, including things like your browsing history, website permissions, and search history. What’s more, the mobile version of Chrome provides Google with your location data as well.
  • No of secure extensions: high
  • Supported platforms: Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, iOS, Chrome OS

If you want to learn more about Chrome’s privacy concerns and its security features, check out our full Google Chrome review.

7. Opera – the lack of plugins is its Achille’s heel

Opera browser logo

+ Pros:

  • Very high security
  • Great ad-blocker
  • Anonymous sync

– Cons:

  • Built-in “VPN” logs data
  • Opera Turbo now mobile-only
  • Privacy issues

For a long while, Opera was a fairly underrated browser. Launched back in 1995, Opera has been considered one of the faster and more secure of the non-default browsers for decades. Sadly, if including a dubious VPN that tracks bandwidth and usage wasn’t enough, it was acquired by the China-based Golden Brick Capital company, continuing to raise concerns about its privacy practices.

  • Security rating: high. Opera has built-in features, such as the ability to route your traffic through their servers and a very robust ad-blocker. It’s also very good at compressing your traffic, so it might be great if you have a slow connection.
  • Privacy rating: low. As we mention above, a pre-installed VPN that logs your online activity and a bunch of opt-out tracking options pretty much speak for themselves. If you want to keep your browsing private, don’t use Opera.
  • No of secure extensions: average
  • Supported platforms: Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, iOS

The main problem with Opera is that it needs plugins to be completely secure. This may not seem like a huge problem for Firefox or Chrome users, but due to its low popularity, finding the right plugins for Opera is much harder.

If you’re still undecided, read our full Opera review to learn more about how Opera compares to other secure browsers on the market.

8. Microsoft Edge – avoid it at all costs

Microsoft Edge browser logo

+ Pros:

  • Fast
  • Three privacy levels
  • Plenty of extensions

– Cons:

  • Lacks features
  • Security concerns
  • Privacy issues

Leaving Internet Explorer and its numerous vulnerabilities behind, Microsoft built Edge on the Chromium platform and upped the ante in terms of technical security. That said, its sparsely timed updates and lack of tracking protection features still put it behind most browsers.

  • Security rating: medium. Running your tabs in a sandbox, Chrome-style, limiting extension support, and adding the SmartScreen Filter from Internet Explorer is all well and good. However, Edge’s long list of vulnerabilities knocks it down a couple of notches when it comes to security.
  • Privacy rating: low. For some weird reason, Microsoft Edge has not included any tracking protection features in its InPrivate browsing mode, which means you’re being tracked and monitored even when you think you’re “incognito.” On the bright side, there 3 pre-made privacy levels to choose from, each balancing protection and usability.
  • No of secure extensions: high
  • Supported platforms: Windows 10, macOS, Linux (beta), Android, iOS, Xbox One

Secure your browser with a VPN

No matter which browser you choose, securing your connection with a VPN is still a must.

A VPN routes your traffic through a remote server, encrypting your connection and hiding your IP address in the process. This means that anyone trying to spy on you will only see that you’re connected to a VPN, not knowing which websites you’ve been visiting or where you’re connecting from.

We recommend choosing from our best VPN services for securing your browser and other online activities. All of them will provide you with military-grade encryption, no-logs, and good connectivity.

What’s a secure browser, anyway?

Secure web browsers are ones that don’t track your activity and do their best to avoid vulnerabilities that might allow hackers to exploit loopholes in their coding. Contrary to popular belief, today’s mainstream browsers are no longer the easiest of targets for attackers to compromise.

Built-in security features like download protection, malicious website detection, and automatic “do not track” requests made mainstream browsers like Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome a lot “safer” from a security standpoint.

On the other hand, mainstream browsers that enable you to browse in so-called “private” windows can still track your activity and send your data to third parties. That’s why your best bet is to choose any of these secure browsers:

However, if you don’t want to stay too far from the mainstream browsers, try Mozilla Firefox. It’s the safest and most private choice, leaving others like Google Chrome or Apple Safari far behind. And with a little bit of tweaking, Firefox can be the best private browser overall.

Understanding private browsers

As we understand them today, private browsers are focused on giving users more control over their online privacy.

With that in mind, private browsers like Ungoogled Chromium and Brave usually come with additional protective features or simply without Google integration and can better address the privacy needs of more demanding users.

These are browsers built specifically for privacy aficionados and are usually designed to block all manner of trackers and potentially hazardous scripts. Tor browser comes as the most extreme example of this approach because it sacrifices performance and user-friendliness for the sake of providing maximum protection.

With that said, there are mainstream browsers like Mozilla Firefox that offer very high privacy and security while still thinking about the average user. As a result, this private browser list aims to balance between the hardcore and the readily-available options.

Using more than one secure browser

For online safety, we recommend using more than one browser. Most of us want to browse the web while being connected to multiple accounts. This is convenient, but it also makes it easy to track your activities and link them to the same identity.

The solution here is to set the rules for using each browser. For example, you may want to use Mozilla Firefox for your daily tasks that require logging into the email and other accounts. The second browser, e.g., Brave browser, can be reserved for browsing in private mode while being logged out. Finally, the Tor browser can be reserved for tasks that require maximum privacy and security.

Feel free to create your own set of rules and use different browsers, just make sure not to break them. And when it comes to logging in, never save your passwords in the browser. If you have too many of them to remember – it’s high time you started using a password manager.

Safest browser for Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, and iOS in 2021

Unfortunately, not all safe browsers are available on every operating system or device. What’s more, resource-heavy options like Google Chrome may not be suitable for mobile users that don’t have the latest smartphone.

Below you will find the safest browser for each platform in 2021. Since Tor browser is aimed at advanced users, we do not include it in this list.

Safest browser for Windows – Mozilla Firefox

It’s hard to recommend anything else but Mozilla Firefox for Windows users. It offers great out-of-the-box protection and, at the same time, allows in-depth customization for privacy aficionados. It also has plenty of browser extensions, such as HTTPS Everywhere and DuckDuckGo, to further increase your online safety.

Safest browser for Mac – Mozilla Firefox

Once again, we recommend Mozilla Firefox. While Mac users might feel inclined to use Safari, which is not a bad option by any means, Firefox offers much more privacy and add-ons. However, if you don’t care that much about data collection even when you’re in private mode, Safari can still be a great choice.

Safest browser for Linux – Tor browser

We’re recommending the Tor browser for Linux users simply because most of them won’t feel daunted by the number of available options. If you’re not new to online security and privacy tools, then there’s no reason to look for another browser. And if you’re not doing anything that requires extra protection, Mozilla’s Firefox or Ungoogled Chromium might just do the trick.

Safest browser for Android – Opera

Some of you may be surprised to see Opera as the best secure Android browser. However, the reasoning behind is simple – Opera actually has three different versions that cater to specific tastes of the heterogeneous Android community.

In addition to the main browser app, you can choose Opera Mini for fast and data-saving browsing or Opera Touch designed to be used with one finger. All of them have an ad-blocker and are generally privacy-focused.

Safest browser for iOS – Brave

While Safaris no slouch, Brave is the safest browser for iOS. It’s faster than Chrome or Firefox and successfully blocks pop-ups, trackers & ads. Some users may not like Brave’s native advertising, though. In that case, try Mozilla Firefox instead.

As you’ve probably figured out already, a lot depends not on the browser itself but on the available extensions. That’s why popular safe web browsers have the edge over the likes of Safari or Opera.

Below is a list of Top 10 popular safe web browser add-ons in no particular order that should help enhance your security and privacy, given that your browser supports them.

  1. uBlock Origin – probably the best ad blocker for browsers that also comes with tracking protection and serves as a better alternative to Chrome’s Safe Browsing.
  2. DuckDuckGo – an alternative to Google Search, grades each website according to its trustfulness.
  3. Ghostery – a popular ad and tracker blocker.
  4. – a shortened URL may hide a malicious link. This add-on gives you a chance to decide whether you really want to open it.
  5. Disconnect Facebook – stop the social media giant from tracking you around the web even when you’re not using it.
  6. Click&Clean – a truly one-click solution for deleting your browsing history. It works even for the incognito mode!
  7. HTTPS Everywhere – this add-on forces websites to use a secure HTTPS encrypted connection whenever it’s possible.
  8. Decentraleyes – fights to track via content delivery networks (CDN).
  9. Cookie Autodelete – deletes unused cookies automatically.
  10. Privacy Badger – effectively blocks spying ads and trackers.

While these add-ons are tried and tested, always be cautious when installing any third-party applications, especially if they are free. Trusting a high Google or App Store ranking is ill-advised – you should always search for an external review from an authoritative source.

Bottom line

After looking at the most secure web browsers in 2021, we can say that the Tor browser still holds the #1 spot. Available on all major platforms save for iOS, it provides the best possible security and privacy, even without much tinkering. However, it’s slow speed means that users need another option for daily use.

Our tests have shown that Mozilla Firefox is the best safe web browser for the average user. It’s simple to install use and can be easily customized. What’s more, Firefox comes with a number of add-ons that will further increase your online protection.

We’ve also shown that a lot depends on your device too. That’s why mobile users on strict data plans should choose no other than Opera browser or its Mini version.

So when you need the best private web browser, check if it fits your individual needs first. And most importantly, remember that you can’t have full protection without a reliable Virtual Private Network.

What are your thoughts on secure web browsers? Do you agree with our lineup for 2021? Let us know in the comments below!

In the meantime, you can also check our other articles:


What is the most secure Web browser in 2021?

The most secure web browser is the Tor browser. It offers unprecedented security and privacy and, at the same time, is arguably the best option for surfing the deep web.

Which browser is the most secure for online banking?

The most secure browser for banking is Mozilla Firefox. It beats the Tor browser because the latter is too restrictive for such a task. In the meantime, Firefox will make sure your connection stays private and protected from third-parties.

What is the best browser in 2021?

The best browser in 2021 is Mozilla Firefox. It has excellent security and privacy, supports all main platforms, and has plenty of add-ons to further bolster your online protection.

What are the fastest web browsers in 2021?

Microsoft Edge, Apple Safari, and Google Chrome are the fastest web browsers in 2021. However, Opera is the fastest web browser for mobile users.

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